Risk is not static, nor is it one dimensional, therefore our risk management processes need to be flexible enough to adapt to changes when they occur. For example, the previous demographic profile for towns and cities indicated that the population reduced when each working day was completed. This is no longer necessarily true and there are now many residential areas close to city centres due to the conversion of commercial properties into dwellings, an increased student residency and the growth in the entertainment industry. Other emerging areas of risk also need to be fully explored including those presented by naturally occurring hazards (extreme weather), malicious threats (including terrorism), together with the inherent risks to our personnel associated with fire-fighting.